From medieval fortresses to palaces, check out our list of these remarkable castles from around the world:
Neuschwanstein Castle, in Hohenschwangau, Germany, is one of the world’s most renowned castles. Construction of the Romanesque Revival Styled chateau began on September 5, 1869 after being commissioned by Ludwig II of Bavaria. The structure was originally intended to be a residence for the King.
Known as the ‘Key to England’, Dover Castle in Dover, Kent, England was built in the 12th The historic building has a rich and bloody history due to its ideal seaside location. Today, the castle is a protected Scheduled Monument and a major tourist attraction.
Built in 1420 by Danish King, Eric of Pomerania, was the historically relevant Kronborg Castle in Helsinør, Denmark. Strategically located between Denmark and Sweden, it is often remarked as one of the most important castles in Northern Europe. The fortress is protected by ramparts and angular bastions; some of the original strong walls still exist today.
Kronborg Castle is the actual castle that Shakespeare used for Castle Elsinore in his famous play, Macbeth.
Today, the castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Stirling Castle, located in Stirling, Scotland, is a stone castle of significant historical value to the region. Dating back to 1107, the fortress sits atop of a crag surrounded on three sides by steep cliffs- giving it a remarkable defensive position. The castle was also the residence of numerous kings and queens throughout Scotland’s history, including Mary, Queen of Scots.
Warwick Castle, a medieval castle in Warwichshire, England, was originally built by William the Conqueror in 1068. It was built on a sandstone bluff at a bend in the River Avon. In the 12th century, the original wooden structure was rebuilt in stone. Today, the castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, protected from alterations and modifications.
Matsumoto Castle, named after the city in which it is in Japan, was built in 1504 by Shimadachi Sadanaga. It is a “hirajiro” castle, which means instead of being built on a hill or bluff, it is built on flat ground. Known as the “Crow Castle” due to its dark-coloured exterior, the castle was originally built as a fortress. Today, the castle is a popular tourist attraction.
Château de Foix
Located in the French town of Foix is the Château de Foix. The first written record of the structure, which sits atop a rock as a clever defensive strategy, is from 987. The castle has been listed as a historical monument by the French ministry since 1840.