Roman architecture is an adaptation of classical Greek architecture with new Roman building innovations. Roman architecture is characterized by:
Notable examples of this style include the Colosseum and the Pantheon.
Examples of Gothic architecture include the Basilica of St Denis and Westminster Abbey.
Follows the notion of “form follows function”
Is functional and visually appealing
- Dramatic use of colour and ornamentation
- Interior is a way to show off artwork (paintings, sculptures, frescoes)
- Use of light/shadows
Examples of Baroque-styled architecture include St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City and the Royal Palace of Madrid.
Neoclassicism is an architectural style that was popular in Europe throughout the mid 18th and early 19th centuries. Neoclassical styled buildings are characterized by the use of:
- Simple geometric forms
- Blank walls
Notable examples of neoclassical architecture include the White House and L’Arc de Triomphe.
Postmodern architecture was introduced in the 1960s. The style favors design over function. It is characterized by:
- Flying buttresses
- High ceilings
- Diverse aesthetics
Taipei 101 and Houston’s Bank of America Center are two examples of postmodern styled buildings.
- Turrets and towers
- Textured surfaces and decorative ornamentation
- Asymmetrical shapes
Famous examples of Victorian architecture include Mentmore Towers and The Crystal Palace.
Did your favourite architectural style make the list? Share it with us in the comments below.